2014年12月英语四级答案-卷一

更新:2017-4-2 14:04:41

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2014年12月英语四级答案

 

  1. 主要考查的是推理判断的能力。

 

  女士问男士最近一次是什么时候为公寓除尘的,应该是嫌男士家里不干净,结果男士的回答却是那得看我妈上次是什么时候来的。言外之意就是其实都是他妈妈帮他搞卫生。

 

  2. 主要考查的是推理判断的能力。

 

  女士在催男士赶快跑,马上公交车来了。男士却说不用跑,下一班2、3分钟之后就到。言外之意是可以赶下一班车。

 

  3. 主要考查的是推理判断的能力。

 

  Up to one's neck就是某人手头要做的事实在太多,多得没法应付。这句没听懂也不影响做题,因为后面男人又问“how come you’ve been so busy?” (你最近怎么会这么忙?)

 

  女人回答史密斯夫人请病假了, 所以她要代理一些工作。由此可得知,女人最佳不得不做一些额外的工作。

 

  4. 主要考查的是逻辑推理能力。

 

  女士说每天在咖啡馆洗盘子很无聊,男士让她和他一起去送花。也就是让她换工作。

 

  5. 主要考查的是词义判断的能力。

 

  “Oh, no, it must have slipped my mind.”slip one’s mind指的是:忘记了。男人忘记了自己的诺言。

 

  6. 主要考查的是理解大意的能力。

 

  男人对女人说,你不喜欢这部电影我一点也不惊讶。我自己也觉得很吓人。 女人说,确实。通常来说她都不喜欢恐怖电影。

 

  本题可能的干扰内容是对as a rule的理解,as a rule 相当于in general: 通常来说。

 

  7. 主要考查的是逻辑推理能力。

 

  男人说就他个人经验来说爱可以是甜蜜的,但也会带来伤害。女人说着话让她想到一句谚语,蜂蜜虽甜蜜,但是蜜蜂却会扎人。由此可见,他们对爱的看法是一致的。

 

  8. 主要考查的是逻辑推理能力

 

  男人问女人要为论坛再准备几把椅子,6把还是7把。女人说,把所有能找到的椅子都带上。 由此可见,他们是在为一次论坛的召开做准备工作。

 

  9. B Scandinavia

 

  10. D More women will work outside the family

 

  11. D Spend more time changing women’s attitudes

 

  12. A In a restaurant

 

  13. C He is the Managing Director of Jayal Motors

 

  14. B To get a good import agent

 

  15. D His determination

 

  Passage 1

 

  16. What are scientists trying to explain according to the passage?

 

  答案:(A) How being an identical twin influences one’s identify.

 

  【点评】:细节题。本篇文章开头即指出 ‘they(scientists) are trying to explain how being half of the biological pair influences a twin’s identity.’由此可知科学家一直试图想要解释双胞胎的身份人格是如何受到影响的。

 

  17. What do we learn about the twin Jims?

 

  答案:(B) They grew up in different surroundings.

 

  【点评】:细节题。关键词即是Jim 这个名字。关于两个Jim的情况是:他们一直生长在不同家庭,直到39岁才见面。‘… grew up in different families and did not meet for 39 years.’ 他们都结过两次婚,第二次婚姻中,妻子都叫贝蒂。‘Both men were married twice… and their second wives were both named Betty.’ 而他们的第一个孩子都是儿子 ‘Both twins named their first sons James Allen.’

 

  18. Why are scientists interested in studying identical twins raised in different families?

 

  答案:(A) They want to find out the relationship between environment and biology.

 

  【点评】:细节题。通过对两个Jim的研究, These twins help scientists understand the connection between environment and biology。

 

  Passage 2

 

  19. What does the speaker say about camping?

 

  答案:(D) It is an inexpensive way of spending a holiday.

 

  【点评】:细节题。文章开头就说到Camping is still one of the cheapest ways of having a holiday. 这里的“the cheapest way of having a holiday”正好就和选项中的“inexpensive way of spending a holiday”同义互换

 

  20. What does the passage tell us about the most popular tent sold in Britain?

 

  答案:(B) It consists of an inner and an outer tent

 

  【点评】:细节题。关键主抓“the most popular tent ”。通过这个关键表述,我们可以知道最受欢迎的帐篷有这样的特色:“The most popular tent… is the frame tent with 2 bedrooms and sleeping accommodation for 4 people. There is usually an outer tent… and a lighter inner tent or tents”。

 

  21. What does the speaker suggest buying if you plan to stay camping in one place for more than a few days?

 

  答案:(C) A kitchen extension

 

  【点评】:细节题。关键抓住“camping in one place;for more than a few days”。听力文章最后讲到“You can buy a kitchen extension for many tents… plan to stay camping in one place for more than a few days.” 基本就是原文重现。如果在同一地点要旅行多日,则需要一个额外的厨房部分。

 

  Passage 3

 

  22. How big does the speaker say Andorra is?

 

  答案:A. It covers 197 square meters.

 

  点评:事实细节题,考查同学们对于数字的记录。

 

  23. What can be said about Andorra before the 1930s?

 

  答案:D. It was cut off from the rest of the world.

 

  点评:词义判断题,考查同学们对 “travelers had difficulty in reaching the country”的理解。

 

  24. What event changed the situation in Andorra?

 

  答案:C. The building of roads connecting it with neighboring countries.

 

  点评:事实细节题,需要同学们听到并理解句子“When roads were built from France and Spain to Andorra in the 1930s, life picked up speed.”

 

  25. What do most people do in Andorra do nowadays?

 

  答案:B. They work in the tourist industry.

 

  点评:主旨大意题,从文章中的各个方面,表现出现在安道尔国家的人民大多从事旅游业。

 

  26. familiar

 

  27. put forward

 

  28. caution

 

  29. live with

 

  30. alternatives

 

  31. ignore

 

  32. participated

 

  33. in need of

 

  34. focus on

 

  35. judgments

 

  点评:本文主要表达当你在做决定时,应该如何有选择性的听取他人的意见。整体文章在理解上难度并不大。但在填入单词或词组的过程中需要同学们在拼写,时态与词组的连读上注意。比如alternatives,in need of等。十个空中,四个词组,三个名词,两个动词,一个形容词。词组难度不大,拼写也比较方便。关键还是在于同学们平日的词汇量的积累。

 

  四级作文参考范文:大学里最难忘的课

 

  When talking about the course which impresses me the most, I will certainly choose Basic Chemical Experiment. As a student of science, I am always fascinated with the magic in test tubes, and from this course I gained more than pure knowledge.

 

  To begin with, this course provides us opportunities to put theories into practices. The experiments helped us testify and better understand what we have learned in books. Besides, by designing experimental procedures of own, we became more flexible and innovative.

 

  Moreover, I also developed other skills that required outside labs through this course. For example, to be focused and careful when proceeding a task, to be patient and calm when facing failures, and to communicate properly when you need someone else to cooperate. These can be very valuable assets to your life.

 

  Basic Chemical Experiment influenced me not only on academic field but also on daily affairs, therefore it’s the most impressing course to me.

 

  四级作文参考范文:使你受益最深的校园活动

 

  University is a place that provides a number of interesting activities to enrich our life on campus. In the two years, I have attended a couple of activities such as football club and reading society. The most benefited one popping into my mind is the sports meeting last month.

 

  First of all, sports meeting offers a great opportunity to draw students’ attention from busy studies to the sports field. As students, most of our time is killed in the classroom and library. However, doing sports could be seen as a relaxing ingredient in tedious study life.

 

  Secondly, as a member of football club, I attended the football game that day. I enjoyed the feeling of being united. During the game, we encouraged each other when we felt frustrated; we cheered for each other when we scored a goal. All these taught me to be more and more team-oriented.

 

  Lastly, doing sports benefits to our physical health. Increasingly sedentary lifestyle causes laziness and possibility of obesity. Therefore, this sports meeting on campus mobilized our students to enjoy the fun of sports.

 

  This is the campus activity that has benefited not only me but also most of the students.

 

  四级作文参考范文:对你影响最大的同学

 

  Rose is my roommate, classmate and my best friend in my college. She has a round face and a little plump. One can always find a nice smile on her face, which reflects her amiable and pleasant character. Our friendship attributes to her great influence on me.

 

  In terms of study, she is good at English, while English is not my cup of tea. When I am confused about teacher’s explanation of texts, she always interprets them to me in an explicit way. I really appreciate her help. Besides, she also imparts me a few language learning tips and recommendations which arouse my learning interest.

 

  In addition, in the leisure time, she helps me a lot as well. Because I am not the local student and my hometown is far away from here, sometimes I feel homesick. However, I always have Rose on my side. Her accompany gives me great comfort.

 

  I feel so lucky that I could have such a good friend, who teaches me and help me in my study and leisure life, so she is the classmate that has influenced me most in college.

 

  答案:

 

  36. N. survey

 

  37. O. traces

 

  38. I. products

 

  39. K. released

 

  40. J. ranging

 

  41. M. simple

 

  42. H. necessarily

 

  43. L. shocked

 

  44. C. belong

 

  45. B. average

 

  点评:

 

  本次选词填空是一篇关于日常生活化学污染的文章。文章内容虽然略带科普性,但实际上与大家的日常生活息息相关,如果用生活常识和中文的背景知识来答题也能帮助不少。同时,从词汇考查角度看,仍然与往年相同,副词考查最少,名词和动词重点考查,所以与沪江英语教研君在平时向大家提倡的一样,建议对选项和目标词进行词性的标注和预判,进而再根据语法规则及上下文逻辑确定最终答案。另外,本次考题再次证明了难词往往不是答案,例如D. demonstrated,G. habitually都并未出现在答案中。

 

  47. I

 

  48. D

 

  49. O

 

  50. K

 

  51. B

 

  52. E

 

  53. C

 

  54. L

 

  55. G

 

  【点评】:

 

  本次长篇阅读匹配题是关于二战后生育高峰的人在美国大萧条时期遭遇下岗、被迫提前退休等困窘状况的原因、影响等。文章题材与前两年阅读常考话题一致,属于社会问题型。考查题目中仍然以80%为细节题,仅有46题和53题为主旨概括题,其他均为细节题。而细节题的好处是题干中的定位词和原文几乎完全一致,如:47题laid off在I段第一句一致;50题Age discrimination在K段特殊标点符号,引号中为“Discrimination by age,…”。因此,从细节题居多,题干关键词基本能与文章一一对应来看,本篇难度与往年持平。

 

  56 B) Whether local bike shops will suffer.

 

  57 C) It saw its bike sales on the rise.

 

  58 B) Its customers have been drawn away by Citi Banks.

 

  59 A) Inexperienced riders might break biking rules.

 

  60 D) Approving.

 

  这是一篇关于自行车共享的议论文,改编自The Villager一篇题为Bike store owners put their spin on new bike-share的文章。文章认为,花旗自行车共享计划的推出给自行车商店带来了一定的影响。有些商家的自行车销售量因此而上升,市民也觉得在城市里骑车非常棒。但对于一些小规模的店家来说,花旗自行车共享计划的推出使得他们的自行车租赁量大幅减少。但总体来说,自行车商店对花旗自行车还是持积极态度的。

 

  文章本身话题和语言难度不高,根据题目关键词定位到相应段落,还是比较容易选出正确答案的。

 

  61. C) Little improvement in education has resulted from increased spending.

 

  62. B) Skilled students are moving to private schools.

 

  63. C) Talented women teachers.

 

  64. A) New career opportunities were made available to them by women’s liberation.

 

  65. D) An ever-growing number of administrators.

 

  旅游

 

  越来越多的中国年轻人正对旅游产生兴趣,这是近年来的新趋势。年轻游客数量和不断增加,可以归于他们迅速提高的收入和探索外部世界的好奇心。随着旅行多了,年轻人在大城市和著名景点花的时间少了,他们反而更为偏远的地方所吸引,有些人甚至选择长途背包旅行。最近调查显示,很多年轻人想要通过旅行体验不同的文化,丰富知识,拓宽视野。

 

  More and more Chinese young people are becoming interested in travelling, which is a new trend in recent years. The increasing number of young tourists can be attributed to the rapid rise of their income and curiosity for exploring the outside world. With more travel, young people spend less time in big cities and famous sights. Instead, they are attracted to more remote places. Some people even choose a long backpacking trip. A recent survey shows that many young people want to experience a different culture, enrich their knowledge and broaden their horizons through travelling.

 

  大熊猫

 

  大熊猫是一种温顺的动物,长着独特的黑白皮毛。因其数量极少,大熊猫已被列为濒危物种。大熊猫对于世界自然基金会有着特殊意义。自1961年该基金会成立以来,大熊猫就一直是它的徽标。大熊猫是熊科中最稀有的成员,主要生活在中国西南部的森林里。目前,世界上大约有1000只大熊猫。这些以竹为食的动物正面临许多威胁。因此,确保大熊猫的生存比以往更重要。

 

  The giant panda is a docile animal with unique black and white fur.Because of their small number, giant pandas have been listed as an endangered species. The giant pandas are of special significance for WWF (World Wildlife Fund). Since the establishment in 1961, the fund has been using the giant panda as its logo. The giant panda is the rarest member of the bear family. They mainly live in the forests of southwestern China. Currently, there are about 1,000 giant pandas in the world. The bamboo-eating animals are facing many threats. Therefore, to ensure the survival of the giant panda is more important than ever.

 

  互联网

 

  中国的互联网社区是全世界发展最快的,2010年,中国约有4.2亿网民,而且人数还在迅速增长。互联网的日渐流行带来了重大的社会变化。中国网民往往不同于美国网民。美国网民更多的是受实际需要的驱使,用互联网为工具发电子邮件、买卖商品、做研究、规划旅程或付款。中国网民更多是出于社交原因使用互联网,因而更广泛的使用论坛、博客、聊天室等等。

 

  The Chinese Internet Community experienced the fastest development. By 2010, there had been 420 million netizens in China and this number is still rising rapidly. The popularization of Internet has brought about huge changes. Generally speaking, American netizens are more often than not driven by real necessities such as sending emails, on-line trading, doing research, travel planning and on-line payment. While, Chinese netizens use Internet out of the need for social communication. Therefore, they log more generally onto web forums, blogs and chatting rooms.

标签:四级 答案 

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